Tiberias

Tiberias
   A city, the modern Tubarich, on the western shore of the Sea of Tiberias. It is said to have been founded by Herod Antipas (A.D. 16), on the site of the ruins of an older city called Rakkath, and to have been thus named by him after the Emperor Tiberius. It is mentioned only three times in the history of our Lord (John 6:1, 23; 21:1).
   In 1837 about one-half of the inhabitants perished by an earthquake. The population of the city is now about six thousand, nearly the one-half being Jews. "We do not read that our Lord ever entered this city. The reason of this is probably to be found in the fact that it was practically a heathen city, though standing upon Jewish soil. Herod, its founder, had brought together the arts of Greece, the idolatry of Rome, and the gross lewdness of Asia. There were in it a theatre for the performance of comedies, a forum, a stadium, a palace roofed with gold in imitation of those in Italy, statues of the Roman gods, and busts of the deified emperors. He who was not sent but to the lost sheep of the house of Israel might well hold himself aloof from such scenes as these" (Manning's Those Holy Fields).
   After the fall of Jerusalem (A.D. 70), Tiberias became one of the chief residences of the Jews in Palestine. It was for more than three hundred years their metropolis. From about A.D. 150 the Sanhedrin settled here, and established rabbinical schools, which rose to great celebrity. Here the Jerusalem (or Palestinian) Talmud was compiled about the beginning of the fifth century. To this same rabbinical school also we are indebted for the Masora, a "body of traditions which transmitted the readings of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, and preserved, by means of the vowel-system, the pronunciation of the Hebrew." In its original form, and in all manuscripts, the Hebrew is written without vowels; hence, when it ceased to be a spoken language, the importance of knowing what vowels to insert between the consonants. This is supplied by the Masora, and hence these vowels are called the "Masoretic vowel-points."

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TIBERIAS — (Heb. טְבֶרְיָה), city on the western shore of Lake Kinneret (the Sea of Galilee), and the largest settlement in the Jordan Valley. The name usually appears in the Jerusalem Talmud as Tivveryah, and in the Babylonian Talmud as Teverya. The city… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Tiberias — Tiberias …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiberias — • Titular see, suffragan of Scythopolis, in Palaestina Secunda Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Tiberias     Tiberias     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tiberias — Tiberias,   Stadt in Israel, 212 m unter dem Meeresspiegel 245 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Westufer des Sees Genezareth (See von Tiberias), 37 600 Einwohner; Zentrum des am stärksten landwirtschaftlich genutzten Gebietes von Israel, das Bananen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • TIBERIAS — vulgo Tabarie nunc, teste Nigrô, urbs insignis Palaestinae cum lacu cognomine in Galilaea a Nazareth supra 10. mill. pasl. in Ortum inter Scythopolin ad Meridiem et Capharnaum ad Boream. Erat in tribu Zabulon, in agro opimo, et ora Occidentali… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Tiberĭas — Tiberĭas, Stadt in Galiläa, am westlichen Ufer des Sees Genesareth (See von T.), Herodes Antipas erbaute sie dem Kaiser Tiberius zu Ehren u. versah sie mit Rennbahn u. Amphitheater, konnte ahernur mit Mühe, u. zwar blos Heiden u. Gesindel als… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tiberĭas — Tiberĭas, Stadt in Palästina (Galiläa), am Westufer des Sees Genezareth, der daher auch See von T. heißt, gewöhnliche Residenz des Herodes Antipas, der ihr dem Kaiser Tiberius zu Ehren den Namen gab, war im römisch griechischen Geschmack erbaul,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiberias — Tiberĭas (arab. Tabarije), Stadt in Galiläa [Tafel: Bilder zur Biblischen Geschichte, 4], Wilajet Beirut, westl. am See Genezareth (See von T.), 7400 E.; um 25 n. Chr. von Herodes Antipas gegründet; hier 6. Juli 1187 Sieg Saladins über die… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tiberias — Tiberias, s. Tabarieh …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tiberias — [tī bir′ē əs] Sea of GALILEE Sea of …   English World dictionary

  • Tiberias — Infobox Israel municipality name=Tiberias imgsize=110px caption= imgsize3=250 caption3=Aerial photo of Tiberias hebname=Hebrew|טְבֶרְיָה arname=طبرية meaning=Spring Hill founded=18 AD type=city typefrom=1948 stdHeb= altOffSp= altUnoSp=… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”